Posted by Bob Aronson
On August 11, I sent a letter to Walter Graham, CEO of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) asking what UNOS was doing or was going to do to increase the supply of organs. My letter noted that the number of transplants performed each year has plateaued at about 28,000 while the number of people on the list continues to grow. Today there are 114,899 people waiting and so far this year there have been 11,469 transplants from 5,677 donors. As you can see, the gap continues to widen. With only four months left this year we may fall far short of the 28,000 number.
Below you will first find my letter to Mr. Graham, followed by his response. You can decide if he responded to my concerns and most importantly, your concerns about how our national donation/transplantation system is managed.
Chief Executive Officer
United Network For Organ Sharing
Dear Mr. Graham:
You might remember me as a Minneapolis, Minnesota based communications consultant that worked with UNOS in the 90’s. During that period I was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy and subsequently had a heart transplant at the Mayo clinic in Jacksonville, Florida in August of 2007.
I am writing not as a former consultant but rather as a very grateful heart transplant recipient, founder of Facebook’s nearly 2500 member Organ Transplant Initiative (OTI), author of over 120 blogs on donation/transplantation issues (www.bobsnewheart.wordpress.com) where we have 100,000 readers and writer/producer of three videos on organ donation. I am a very active advocate for organ donation and have been for many years.
I’ll get right to the point. I have a growing concern about the Inability of the altruistic system to meet the demands for organ transplants and UNOS’ reluctance to make or even recommend significant changes to the system.
I am quite aware of all the ethical and other arguments forwarded by UNOS for rejecting changes that would include presumed consent and donor incentives/compensation among others. I am puzzled as to how UNOS can find these suggestions unethical or unworkable but has made no statement about the ethics of allowing people to die due to the failure of the altruistic system to generate enough transplantable organs. How can it be ethical to allow an inadequate system to prevail?
Having been on that list I have first-hand experience with the depression that accompanies it, knowing that the government contractor that is funded with my tax dollars is doing little beyond promoting altruism to significantly increase the number of available organs. It is discouraging and depressing for those on the list to continually hear that every option other than altruism is either unethical or unworkable.
I am hoping that you can offer some hope that I can pass on to members and other interested parties that the gap not only is closing but will close and soon. Please offer some explanation other than renewed efforts at increasing altruism of just what UNOS is doing and will do to help those who are languishing on an ever growing list of people who need transplants. Please prove me wrong. I would be most grateful to see clear, compelling evidence that the altruistic system can work and is working.
It is almost 30 years since the National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA) was implemented.. I think that is plenty of time to determine if a system works. Unless you can prove otherwise, It seems clear that with 114,000 people listed and only about 28,000 transplants done every year despite intense and noble efforts at increasing donation rates, altruism alone cannot meet the demand – ever. .
Please respond as soon as possible. I plan to publish my letter to you and your response side by side.
Thank you for your consideration and time
Return letter from Walter Graham
Received on August 22, 2012
Thank you for your letter, and yes, we remember your valuable contributions to us as a consultant in the 1990s. We are glad you continue to do well with your transplant and engage the public in this vital cause.
Your concern regarding the shortage between available donors and the needs of waiting candidates is widely shared. Our ultimate goal and fondest hope is to be able to provide transplants for all candidates in need, to prevent deaths and needless suffering while waiting.
As you may recall from your work with us, the primary mandate of UNOS as operator of the national Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) is to allocate organs from deceased donors equitably among transplant candidates. Other significant roles, as specified in federal law and regulation, including maintaining a clinical database on all donors, candidates and recipients; monitoring compliance with OPTN policies; and investigating donation- or transplant-related issues that may pose a risk to the health and safety of transplant patients, living donors or the public.
Promoting organ donation is interwoven among all of our responsibilities, and transplantation depends entirely on the public’s willingness to donate. That said, managing the organ donation system is not a fundamental mandate that federal law or regulation has assigned to us. Our essential responsibility is to make sure that available organs are used in the most responsible and effective way possible.
State and federal law governs the process of donation in the United States. Any change to the current voluntary nature of donation, whether that would involve preferred consent, financial incentives, preferred status or other means, would involve a public initiative to amend the law. UNOS, as a corporation, has declared its support of careful study of potential incentives, financial or non-financial, that would encourage donation while respecting individuals’ freedom of choice. Such study may involve legislative efforts to suspend the law to allow examination of the results. As a federal contractor for the OPTN, UNOS cannot develop policies not supported by the law or expend limited resources lobbying for legislative changes beyond the OPTN’s mandate.
One of the fundamental questions UNOS is seeking to answer has to do with the potential number of persons who could qualify for deceased organ recovery. Our Center for Transplant System Excellence is conducting a Deceased Donor Potential Study. This study will identify the total number of medical cases in which persons could be deceased organ donors regardless of issues of consent. The results of this study will provide a better understanding of what is possible. The merits of whether a system based on altruism is the best approach could then be understood in the context of what is possible. It may well be that the number of medically suitable cases as currently defined is not adequate in any circumstance.
Many people are convinced that the delicate nature of donation may be adversely affected by negative connotations or perceptions generated by controversy over debates about changes to the underlying legal system such as presumed consent. That being the case, it is prudent to pursue the DDP Study to learn what the potential might be before considering whether to advocate for a fundamental change.
Among key strategic goals for the OPTN are increasing the number of transplants performed and optimizing post-transplant survival. Even with the current supply of donated organs, we can increase utilization of organs and enhance survival by better matching available organs with candidates who are the best long-term match. In promoting organ donation, we actively support efforts such as those of Donate Life America, which has recently announced more than 100 million Americans have formally registered their wish to donate organs and tissues and has set an ambitious goal of 20 million new donor commitments this year.
We all agree a higher rate of donation is essential to save lives and relieve suffering of men, women and children anxiously awaiting an organ transplant. UNOS and the OPTN are dedicated to helping save and enhance lives through organ allocation. Whether society may be ready to adopt a new model for the process of organ donation is an important discussion that would involve society as a whole and active support of state and national lawmakers.
If you want to spread the word personally about organ donation, we have another PowerPoint slide show for your use free and without permission. Just go to http://www.organti.org and click on “Life Pass It On” on the left side of the screen and then just follow the directions. This is NOT a stand-alone show, it needs a presenter but is professionally produced and factually sound. If you decide to use the show I will send you a free copy of my e-book, “How to Get a Standing “O” that will help you with presentation skills. Just write to firstname.lastname@example.org and usually you will get a copy the same day.
Posted in Organ Donation
Tags: altruism, Center for Transplant system Excellence, consent, Deceased Donor Potential Study, define, depression, donors, ethical, ethics, law, lawmakers, mandate, NOTA, OPTN, organ donation, patients, Preferred, public, regulations, society, transplantation, United Network for Organ Sharing, UNOS, Walter Graham